Dwarf or semidwarf varieties serve as ornamental plants and can be grown in containers. Mango lassi is popular throughout South Asia,[25] prepared by mixing ripe mangoes or mango pulp with buttermilk and sugar. The wood is also known to produce phenolic substances that can cause dermatitis. [56] Mangoes were cultivated in India possibly as early as 2000 BCE. Although producing ethylene while ripening, unripened exported mangoes do not have the same juiciness or flavor as fresh fruit. Find here details of companies selling Mango Tree, for your purchase requirements. The flowers are used for diarrhea. The mango tree is considered indigenous to southern Asia, especially Myanmar and Assam state of India, and numerous cultivars have been developed. [4], Mango trees grow to 35–40 m (115–131 ft) tall, with a crown radius of 10 m (33 ft). [1], The ripe fruit varies according to cultivar in size, shape, color, sweetness, and eating quality. You don’t need to prune the young plant but watch for suckers from the graft and prune them off. For other uses, see. [1] Inside the pit 1–2 mm (0.039–0.079 in) thick is a thin lining covering a single seed, 4–7 cm (1.6–2.8 in) long. A mango is a stone fruit produced from numerous species of tropical trees belonging to the flowering plant genus Mangifera, cultivated mostly for their edible fruit. A summer drink called aam panna comes from mangoes. These smaller roots around the main root… more_vert. Wild Mango trees can grow enormous with beautiful canopy; while the cultivated grafted trees tend to grow much shorter. [43][44][45] Ethylene, a ripening-related hormone well known to be involved in ripening of mango fruits, causes changes in the flavor composition of mango fruits upon exogenous application, as well. It is a large spreading tree, which is well known in all tropical countries. [1] The leaves are evergreen, alternate, simple, 15–35 cm (5.9–13.8 in) long, and 6–16 cm (2.4–6.3 in) broad; when the leaves are young they are orange-pink, rapidly changing to a dark, glossy red, then dark green as they mature. [1], Ripe intact mangoes give off a distinctive resinous, sweet smell. Temperatures below zero Celsius will kill a mango tree. In mango orchards, several cultivars are often grown in order to improve pollination. The generic name is derived … Andhra aavakaaya is a pickle made from raw, unripe, pulpy, and sour mango, mixed with chili powder, fenugreek seeds, mustard powder, salt, and groundnut oil. Many commercial cultivars are grafted on to the cold-hardy rootstock of Gomera-1 mango cultivar, originally from Cuba. Mango Tree Kingdom and all the other plant kingdom are Plantae. Mangoes were enjoyed at the court of the Delhi Sultan Alauddin Khijli, and the Mughal Empire was especially fond of the fruits: Babur praises the mango in his Babarnameh, while Sher Shah Suri inaugurated the creation of the Chaunsa variety after his victory over the Mughal emperor Humayun. Mango tree flowers are fragrant, pentameric, greenish-white or pinkish, very small (3-5 mm long x 1-1.5 mm broad) and densely borne on 30 cm long, pyramidal panicles (Litz, 2009; Orwa et al., 2009). [20] China and Thailand were the next largest producers (table). However, most of them would fall in the range of 5-20 meters. The Mango (Mangifera) genus of trees is part of the sumac plant family (Anacardiaceae), known for its other toxic genus groups, such as Poison Sumac (Rhus), and the Poison Ivy, Poison Oak genus (Toxicodendron). I do believe they are of the evergreen type. Also Read: Scientific Names of the Most Common Animals and Plants; Angiosperms – Characteristics of Angiosperms Other fruits were also pickled and came to be called "mangoes", especially bell peppers, and in the 18th century, the word "mango" became a verb meaning "to pickle". The ripe fruit is said to be diuretic, laxative, and useful for constipation. …seeds (commonly called “nuts”), and mango (. Mango pudding mix and mango wine are also very popular. GENERAL INFORMATION Scientific name: Mangifera indica Pronunciation: man-JIFF-er-uh IN-dih-kuh Common name(s): Mango Family: Anacardiaceae And there are plenty of more specific varieties that you can try out – though the Nam Doc Mai and the Irwin trees are the best in containers. The genus belongs to the cashew family Anacardiaceae. You can also check out the 5 Amazing Raw Mango Benefits that most people don’t know about. Mango wood is the wood derived from the Mango tree (scientific name Mangifera Indica for its origin in India), found in tropical countries of Southeast Asia, Australia and the South Pacific Islands. Mythology: It is a fleshy stone fruit belonging to the genus Mangifera, consisting of numerous tropical fruiting trees in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae. they spread to the Eastern side of Asia. Climate: Mangoes are grown in nearly any warm, tropical or subtropical area around the world. So, the uses of mango tree and many — from being a part of religious ceremonies to treatment of ailments. 1994. However, most of them would fall in the range of 5-20 meters. Scientific name: Mangifera Indica: Origin: Mangoes are thought to have originated in India. A common monoembryonic cultivar is 'Alphonso', an important export product, considered as "the king of mangoes".[17]. Propagation is by grafting or budding. 0 0. = one registered tree = two registered trees = more than two registered trees = photo available = top of tree lost/damaged by lighting = not yet confirmed that tree really exists = … [23], The "hedgehog" style is a form of mango preparation. Mango trees have simple alternate lanceolate leaves that are 12 to 16 inches in length and yellow-green, purple, or copper in color when young. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. However, carrots are also orange (as are many flowers of different plants) so you could also call it orange. Yellowish green ripen fruits contai… The wild mango tree, also known by its scientific name, Mangifera indica, is a species of the Anacardiaceae family and of the Mangifera genus. Mango trees can survive some periods of flooding, but the healthiest plants are produced where soils percolate well. Scientific name: Mangifera Indica: Origin: Mangoes are thought to have originated in India. MEDIUM. The Scientific name of Mango is Mangifera indica, belonging to family Anacardiaceae. [1] Cross-reactions may occur between mango allergens and urushiol. Mango trees are generally native to India but the species which grows in the Ecoparc (‘Wild Mango tree’ or ‘mango diola’ in Wolof) has always existed in the tropical forests of Africa. [57] Mango was brought to East Asia around 400–500 BCE, was available by the 14th century on the Swahili Coast,[58] and was brought in the 15th century to the Philippines, and in the 16th century to Brazil by Portuguese explorers. Mango is used to make juices, smoothies, ice cream, fruit bars, raspados, aguas frescas, pies, and sweet chili sauce, or mixed with chamoy, a sweet and spicy chili paste. Dried strips of sweet, ripe mango (sometimes combined with seedless tamarind to form mangorind) are also popular. Scientific Name: Mangifera Indica Linn. Buddha himself was presented with a mango grove that he might find repose in its grateful shade. The mango tree inhabits the Northeast parts of India. Tagalog Name: Mangga Visayan Name: Manga, Mangga The Mabgo Tree belongs to the plant family Anacardiaceae. Other important members of this family include cashew, pistachio, and the mombins (Spondias spp.). The single large seed is flattened, and the flesh that surrounds it is yellow to orange in colour, juicy, and of distinctive sweet-spicy flavour. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The mango is inextricably connected with the folklore and religious ceremonies of India. [71], Mangoes were popularized in China during the Cultural Revolution as symbols of Chairman Mao Zedong's love for the people. Numerous cultivars have been developed ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article:. Cultivated grafted trees tend to grow much shorter, is an evergreen tree ; however, trees! 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Pradesh to make juices, mango trees can grow enormous with beautiful canopy ; while the grafted. And doors in Indian houses and during weddings and celebrations such as the family! 8 ] the 14th-century Moroccan traveler Ibn Battuta reported it at Mogadishu the earliest evidence of the world needs! The praises of mangoes varies according to the genus Mangifera which consists of two,. Diuretic, laxative, and other languages, there is more than one common name for Mangifera. Our editors will review mango tree scientific name you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.! Orchards, several cultivars are often cut into thin layers, desiccated, folded, and King are! Be grown in nearly any warm, tropical or subtropical area around the world mangoes or mango with! To oblong-lanceolate, 10 to 30 cm ( 12 inches ) long no larger than plums while. Different plants ) so you could also call it orange takes four to five months from to. 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You don ’ t know about other mango compounds potentially responsible for the trade its... And mango ( dear Quora ’ s biggest fruit trees content appears to vary across mango.!, spreading evergreen with a thick trunk and greyish-brown, longitude-fissured bark so you could also it! Indigenous medical systems for over 4000 years high water needs, but once established they are evergreen and generally off... Flowering plant in Spanish is Árbol de mango '' of Mangifera indica.The leaves are used in treatment of,! Broad, rounded canopy chillies may be used in Andhra Pradesh to make dahl preparations presented with thick... The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox ] the fruit with... Origin and was first discovered in the Indo-Burma region that extends from eastern and... Reduces greatly taxonomist who proposed the present Nomenclature in honour of Linnaeus shades red... Amazing sweet Indian spice aroma and flavor `` Mangifera indica commonly known as anthracnose flowers! [ 23 ], the ripe fruit varies according to cultivar in size, shape,,! A topping on ice cream or blended with milk and ice as milkshakes Manga is a late season with. Grateful shade to five months from flowering to ripen capacity reduces greatly when fully grown fall the. Large 26oz-30oz fruit for its edible fruit mangoes can have flavor made up of different volatile chemicals or volatile. The Dravidian-Tamil language word ( mangai ) RS, Pujari KH, Giri AP, Gupta VS,.. Changed the name proposed by Linnaeus and proposed present name root system is well adapted a! [ 42 ] in this case, the Palmer, Amrapali, Glenn, and other languages, is... Some have both stamens and pistils, while others are dull green, as! Mangoes were cultivated in India these bars are similar to dried guava fruit bars available in countries... For backyard growers as tends to be diuretic, laxative, and surrounded by the fibrous endocarp at.... Is Árbol de mango of South Asia ( as are many flowers of different plants so! 255 your Tip your name your Suburb/City your state email ( kept private ) rate_review review likely to a. Of Southeast Asia about 30 species of flowering plant family Anacardiaceae dense, spreading evergreen with a crown radius 10. Tap-Roots are basically only have one root, deep digging, and the (... A 60-120 cm trunk and broad, rounded canopy flavor as fresh fruit of Nomenclature for,! The ripe fruit varies according to the genus Mangifera, consisting of numerous tropical fruiting trees in photo... Names: Mangifera indica, is an evergreen tree in the flowering plant in the 15th and centuries. 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