Intervention – teaching procedures ( Zipoli, 2017) u Directed questions u Pictorial support During the comprehending process, effective readers use these three cues interdependently. The Literacy How Professional Learning Series includes four Knowledge to Practice books: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics, Vocabulary, Syntax, and Comprehension. Teachers begin teaching sentence structure early by reading to children, and by modeling the construction of sentences when they speak. Concerning the role of syntactic knowledge, though very small, syntactic knowledge was able to contribute an extra 2.7% of the variance observed in the L2 listening comprehension score (ΔR 2 = .027, p < .001). Semantic Cues Readers use this cue to help them understand if what they are reading makes sense. •How should syntactic awareness be taught? According to Jean Berko Gleason’s book, “The Development of Language,” kids go through five stages of syntactic development which were identified by Roger Brown in 1973. Each title in the series includes: Utilize cloze procedures (the leaving out of specific words) that require students to fill in words that are grammatically correct. Syntactic Knowledge in History and Science Education is not meant to detract from the notion that teacher development also needs to be rooted in the knowledge of children’s developmental, social, and cognitive abilities. Syntactic development is measured using MLU, or mean length of utterance, which is basically the average length of a child’s sentence; this increases as a child gets older. The three cueing system consists of semantic, syntactic and graphophonic cues. Syntactic knowledge varies among languages because there are different syntactic rules on how to use words to create sentences in different languages. The current finding contradicts Mecartty (2000). Decoding and vocabulary development are pivotal to developing strong reading skills. •Why teach meaning links to improve text cohesion? To teach syntactic knowledge, educators can: Coach students through the meaning of sentences that require careful interpretation when discussing texts. Encourage students to paraphrase and explain what they have read, particularly when sentences combine or contrast ideas. One of the greatest challenges in teacher educa-tion is bridging understandings of the content with those of children ). Without knowledge of the rules, it can be difficult to understand them, but the rules help to make the construction of sentences an easy task. Teach sentence diagramming to enhance students awareness of syntax. Indeed, the National Reading Panel (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development [NICHHD], 2000) has identified them as two of the five critical components of reading instruction (phonemic awareness, decoding, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension). It draws upon the authors’ decades of expertise and experience working with thousands of general and special education teachers. •Why should syntax be taught in the context of writing? In addition to content knowledge, subject matter knowledge encompasses an understanding of the various ways a discipline can be organized or understood, as well as the knowledge of the ways by which a discipline evaluates and accepts new knowledge, which Schwab termed syntactic knowledge (p. 54). Teaching Syntax By: Whitney Klein ... u Increasing your syntactic knowledge and feeling confident teaching is will allow you the tools to diagnosis and pick a great treatment approach! The Knowledge to Practice book Series—Phonemic Awareness and Phonics, Syntax, Vocabulary, and Comprehension—is based on the current and comprehensive Literacy How reading model. Syntactic Cues Discussion on The Importance of Syntax in Linguistics The study of a language is a challenging task. 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